Helena French dictator Napoleon Bonaparte, French emperor, was one of the greatest military leaders in history.
His drive for military expansion changed the world. Napoleon revolutionized military organization and training, sponsored the Napoleonic Code, reorganized education and established the long-lived Concordat with the papacy.
The Napoleonic Code forbade privileges based on birth, allowed freedom of religion, and stated that government jobs must be given to the most qualified. Following the Revolution, unrest continued in France; in June ofa coup resulted in the left-wing radical group, the Jacobins, taking control of the Directory.
Working with one of the new directors, Emmanuel Sieyes, Napoleon hatched plans for a second coup that would place the pair along with Pierre-Roger Ducos atop a new government called the Consulate. With the new guidelines, the first consul was permitted to appoint ministers, generals, civil servants, magistrates and even members of the legislative assemblies.
In Februarythe new constitution was easily accepted. He also negotiated a European peace, which lasted just three years before the start of the Napoleonic Wars. His reforms proved popular. In he was elected consul for life, and two years later he was proclaimed emperor of France.
Napoleon then returned to war with Britain, Russia, and Austria. InThe British registered an important naval victory against France at the Battle of Trafalgar, which led Napoleon to scrap his plans to invade England.
Instead, he set his sights on Austria and Russia and beat back both militaries in the Battle of Austerlitz. Other victories soon followed, allowing Napoleon to greatly expand the French empire and paving the way for loyalists to his government to be installed in Holland, Italy, Naples, Sweden, Spain and Westphalia.
Invasion of Russia In France was devastated when its invasion of Russia turned out to be a colossal failure and the beginning of the end for Napoleon. Out of an original fighting force of somemen, just 10, soldiers were still fit for battle.
A failed coup was attempted while Napoleon led his charge against Russia, while the British began to advance through French territories.
With international pressure mounting and his government lacking the resources to fight back against his enemies, Napoleon surrendered to allied forces on March 30, Exile on Elba On April 6,Napoleon Bonaparte was forced to abdicate power and went into exile on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean sea off of Italy.
His exile did not last long, as he watched France stumbled forward without him. In MarchNapoleon escaped the island and quickly made his way to Paris. But the enthusiasm that greeted Napoleon when he resumed control of the government soon gave way to old frustrations and fears about his leadership.
Waterloo On June 16,Napoleon led French troops into Belgium and defeated the Prussians; two days later he was defeated by the British, reinforced by Prussian fighters, at the Battle of Waterloo.
It was a humiliating loss, and on June 22,Napoleon abdicated his powers. In an effort to prolong his dynasty he pushed to have his young son, Napoleon II, named emperor, but the coalition rejected the offer.
When and Where Was Napoleon Born? So inNapoleon arranged for the annulment of their marriage that he could wed Marie-Louise, the year-old daughter of the emperor of Austria.
The couple had a son, Napoleon II a. Family and Early Years Napoleon was the fourth, and second surviving, child of Carlo Buonaparte, a lawyer, and his wife, Letizia Ramolino.
Carlo Buonaparte had at first supported the nationalists siding with their leader, Pasquale Paoli. But after Paoli was forced to flee the island, Carlo switched his allegiance to the French. Eventually, Napoleon Bonaparte ended up at the military college of Brienne, where he studied for five years, before moving on to the military academy in Paris.
Inwhile Napoleon was at the academy, his father died of stomach cancer.
This propelled Napoleon to take the reins as the head of the family. Graduating early from the military academy, Napoleon, now the second lieutenant of artillery, returned to Corsica in But the two soon had a falling-out, and when a civil war in Corsica began in AprilNapoleon, now an enemy of Paoli, and his family relocated to France, where they assumed the French version of their name: The French Revolution The turmoil of the French Revolution created opportunities for ambitious military leaders like Napoleon.Napoleon was a great military leader and the emperor of France.
He was born on August 15, at Ajaccio, Corsica. His father was Carlo Buonaparte was a lawyer at the court of the French King.
Nov 09, · Watch video · Napoleon Bonaparte (), also known as Napoleon I, was a French military leader and emperor who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century. Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte was a military and political leader of France who made significant mistakes leading him to his downfall.
Napoleon was a man obsessed with power and wealth. He was well known for his genius abilities of leading a full army, and winning impossible battles. Napoleon Bonaparte was born Napoleon Buonaparte on August 15, , in the Corsican city of Ajaccio.
He was the fourth of eleven children of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Romolino. His father, a member of a noble Italian family, remained on good terms with the French when they took over control of rutadeltambor.com: May 05, Napoleon then returned to France and prepared for war.
The Grande Armée, under the Emperor's personal command, rapidly crossed the Ebro River in November and inflicted a series of crushing defeats against the Spanish forces.
What Made Napoleon a Great Leader? by: Joshua one of his Old Guard. He immigrated to America after Waterloo, but he still said that if he heard that Napoleon had turned to France, he would drop his new life and return to Europe to fight under his old commander.
It was these seven characteristics that allowed Napoleon Bonaparte to.