From the details of the document, written in Kawi script, the bearer of a debt, Namwaran, along with his children Lady Angkatan and Bukah, are cleared of a debt by the ruler of Tondo. From the various Sanskrit terms and titles seen in the document, the culture and society of Manila Bay was that of a Hindu-Old Malay amalgamation, similar to the cultures of Java, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra at the time.
Introduced only infilms have ranged from silent movies to talkies; black and white to color. Outpacing its predecessors by gaining public acceptance, from one end of the country to the other, its viewers come from all walks of life.
Nationwide, there are more than movie theaters.
Early in the s, it was estimated in Metro Manila alone, there were around 2. As an art form, it reflects the culture and the beliefs of the people it caters to and most times, is the one who shapes their consciousness.
Philippine film as discussed in this paper includes films made by Filipino people exhibited in this country and possibly in other countries from the s to the s.
The films may be silent pictures or talkies, black and white or color. They also include films such as documentaries, animation, experimental or alternative films and other types of films.
This paper has three purposes or objectives. It intends, first of all, to provide a comprehensible background of the art of film in the Philippines. It provides insights on how the Philippine film has influenced Philippine culture and vice-versa. This is done by documenting the important events and important films in the area of film for the past ninety years.
Second, it intends to explain the different trends and styles common in the Philippine film. And finally, it concludes with an analysis on how two important events in history, namely World War II and Martial Law altered the course of contemporary Philippine film.
However, this paper is limited to films only from the particular time period of the s to the s. It fails to give a picture of how films were like ever since it started in This paper is also severely limited due to the unavailability and the lack of materials that discuss thoroughly the history of Philippine film.
Film materials for those made during the pre-WWII years are simply non-existent. Data for this paper was gathered from the essays and reviews written by the artists and the critics themselves.
It goes without saying that the resources were tested to the limits. The s to s A. Early Philippine Films Filipinos started making movies in However, it would be important to know that the film industry in the Philippines began through the initiative of foreign entrepreneurs.
Two Swiss entrepreneurs introduced film shows in Manila as early asregaling audiences with documentary films lips showing recent events and natural calamities in Europe. Not only that but the arrival of the silent films, along with American colonialism, in created a movie market.
But these film clips were still novelties. This heralded the making of the first Filipino film. In those early years of filmmaking, enormous capital was needed to keep up with the Hollywood industry. Despite its weak points, Hollywood provided the Philippine film industry with examples that the early filmmakers followed.
It is not surprising that many of those same genres set so many years ago still appear in contemporary Philippine films. But it was difficult to match Hollywood style in those days with the meager capital set aside for the developing film industry.
Ironically, the same people who helped the film industry develop as a form of expression were the same ones who suppressed this expression. It is not surprising that pre-war Philippine movies were inhibited from expressing their views that might question the establishment and were encouraged instead to portray the love and reconciliation between members of different classes Starting with Dalagang Bukid, early films dug into traditional theater forms for character typestwists and turns in the plot, familiar themes and conventions in acting.
Besides providing ready materials, this device of using theater pieces ensured an already existing market.Philippine is a country rich in diversity and language heritage.
Even before Spanish colonization, its literature had evolved tremendously. Some of the notable literatures are a general reflection of the influence exerted by Spaniards during the colonization of Philippine.5/5(1). The diversity and richness of Philippine literature evolved side by side with the country's history.
This can best be appreciated in the context of the country's pre-colonial cultural traditions and the socio-political histories of its colonial and contemporary traditions.
Spanish Period in Philippine Literature coincides with the Spanish colonization of our country. Upon the establishment of the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines in , the Spaniards imposed on the Filipino the Spanish monarchy and the Roman Catholic Religion.
Through the researches and writings about Philippine history, much can be reliably inferred about precolonial Philippine literature from an analysis of collected oral lore of Filipinos whose ancestors were able to preserve their indigenous culture by living beyond the reach of .
The Philippine Revolution (–), called the "Tagalog War" by the Spanish, was an armed military conflict between the people of the Philippines and the Spanish colonial authorities which resulted in the secession of the Philippine Islands from the Spanish Empire.
In this episode of the History of Literature, we take a brief look at one of literature’s most enduring forms, from its invention in a Sicilian court to the wordless sonnet and other innovative uses.