Mann grew up in an environment ruled by poverty, hardship, and self-denial. He was taught briefly and erratically by comparatively poor teachers, but he managed to educate himself in the Franklin town library, and, with tutoring in Latin and Greek from Samuel Barrett later a leading Unitarian ministerhe gained admission at the age of 20 to the sophomore class at Brown University Providence, Rhode Island.
Mann's schooling consisted only of brief and erratic periods of eight to ten weeks a year. Mann educated himself by reading ponderous volumes from the Franklin Town Library.
This self education, combined with the fruits of a brief period of study with an intinerant school master, was sufficient to gain him admission to the sophomore class of Brown University in " 4, Cremin. He went on to study law at Litchfield Law School and finally received admission to the bar in 15, Filler.
In the year Mann won a seat in the state legislature and in ran for State Senate and won. He held a keen interest in school policy. April 20,Mann left his law practice and accepted the post of the newly founded Secretary of Education" 6, Cremin.
During his years as Secretary of Education Mann published twelve annual reports on aspects of his work and programs, and the integral relationship between education, freedom, and Republican government.
He wanted a school that would be available and equal for all, part of the birth-right of every American child, to be for rich and poor alike. Mann had found "social harmony" to be his primary goal of the school. Horace Mann felt that a common school would be the "great equalizer.
He felt that through education crime would decline sharply as would a host of moral vices like violence and fraud.
In sum, there was no end to the social good which might be derived from a common school 8, Cremin. As Secretary of the Board of Education, Mann presided over the establishment of the first public normal school in the United States at Lexington in Mann also reinvigorated the law establishing high schools, and fifty high schools were created during his tenure.
He also persuaded the Massachusetts legislature to establish a six month minimum school year in 15, Filler. Mann also led the movement to set up teacher institutions throughout the state 21, Cremin.
In Mann resigned as Secretary of Education and went on to the U. House of Representatives and then took the post of President of Antioch College in He stayed at the college until his death in August 27, Two months before that he had given his own valedictory in a final address to the graduating class; " I beseech you to treasure up in your hearts these my parting words: Be ashamed to die until you have won some victory for Humanity" 27, Cremin.
Mann had won his victory as the public school soon stood as one of the characteristic features of American life - A "wellspring" of freedom and a "ladder of opportunity" for millions.
Works Cited Cremin, Lawrence A. The Republic and the School: Horace Mann on the Crisis in Education. Prepared by Pam Mason-King.Horace Mann: The Contributions of a Reformer. The contributions of the education system reformer Horace Mann, who lived from , have had a lasting effect on education in the United States.
Mann was born in Franklin, Massachusetts, on May 4, , to a poor farming family. Horace Mann was an American education reformer credited with founding the Common School Movement, which was instrumental in the development of a. Auto insurance, home and property insurance, life insurance, and retirement annuities for teachers and educators from Horace Mann.
Horace Mann was born in Franklin, Massachusetts, to Thomas Mann and Rebecca Stanley Mann.
His parents lacked the means to educate their children beyond rudimentary ciphering and elementary reading. Therefore Mann's education consisted of no more than eight or ten weeks a year of sitting in tight rows on slab benches, learning from a. Horace Mann () Horace Mann, often called the Father of the Common School, began his career as a lawyer and legislator.
When he was elected to act as Secretary of the newly-created Massachusetts Board of Education in , he used his position to enact major educational reform. Early Years & Education. Horace Mann was born into poverty in Franklin, Massachusetts, in Born: May 04,