Saul McLeodupdated Humanistic, humanism and humanist are terms in psychology relating to an approach which studies the whole person, and the uniqueness of each individual. Essentially, these terms refer the same approach in psychology.
Learning Calm down an agitated person, assisting a friend through a death of a family member, or something as simple as avoiding negative thoughts through distracting, these forms of lending a hand can be described as psychotherapy.
Anton Meamer discovered the age-old wisdom in the eighteenth century, early nineteenth. Anton realized that when a person or individual suffers a variety of mental anguish or illness, when put in a hypnotic trance, their symptoms disappeared. Allowed a person to focus on their experience through revisiting long forgotten traumatic events and assist with symptoms of the trauma.
Through observation, psychotherapy became a form of treatment and a new revolutionary form of therapy was born. As the foundation of psychology was being laid out, the development of theories began to be discovered. Understanding behavior and what may cause a person to want to strive in life and become successful in society opened the doors for theorist to develop a humanistic theory.
The potential of an individual making a contribution to society and becoming a person who is likeable by peers, family, and friends led two theorist to develop the humanistic theory movement.
Humanistic theory involves the development of an individual. The achievement of happiness is dependent upon the willingness of an individual to pursue their own deepest interests and desires.
By an individual focusing on themselves, creating a strong sense of self gives a person to feel positive about their contribution to society. A goal of humanistic theory and therapy gives the client the opportunity to deal with their behavior and situation in their own terms of real self and ideal self.
Achieving self-esteem in therapy through this process allows the client to evaluate their own sense of what. Self-esteem will also strengthen the understanding of self and not be something or someone they are not. With the qualities of positive regard for self, having an unconditional awareness of self, creates an empathetic and genuine client and humanistic therapist relationship.
Using the techniques of humanistic therapy allow therapist to assist the client in agreeing with the merging of their real self and the ideal self. No matter what the client reveals of them self in therapy, keeping a positive regard will keep the client in an accepting and warm environment.
In the context of humanistic psychotherapy, the individual should expect the therapist to be accepting of whatever has been revealed. Maslow believed that in the correct order, an individual can become self-actualized through a hierarchy of needs.
Once an individual has met the basic physiological needs such as food, water, sex, sleeps etc. As the individuals moves up the hierarchy, feeling loved and belonged strengthens their self-esteem and reaching self-actualization is achieved. Rodgers felt that without the essential environment that is nourishing, development of healthy personalities and relationships will not have the opportunity to flourish fully.
He felt that an individual operates from a unique frame of reference through building self-regard and self-concept.
As an individual is identifying how to meet their basic needs, what about the experiences that are learned?
David Kolb took a different approach then just viewing behavioral theories. Kolb developed the experiential learning theory that takes the approach on how experiences, including cognitions, environmental factors, and emotions influence the learning process.
Kolb illustrated that experiences provide a great deal of information that serves as the ground level for reflection. Through reflections, Kolb believes an individual forms an abstract concept.
Kolb describes four stage cycle theory of learning that creates a transformation of an experience. One may begin at any stage, but must still follow each other in sequence.
The first two stages are ways to grasp an experience and the last two are ways to transform an experience. The first stage, concrete experience is when the individual actively experiences in an activity such as a lab session or field work.
The second stage, reflective observation is when an individual consciously reflects back on that experience.
The third stage, abstract conceptualization an individual attempts to conceptualize a theory or model of what is observed. The fourth stage, active experimentation is when an individual is trying to plan how to test a model or theory or plan for a future experience.
When speaking of individuals, this describes the learner. Both theories demonstrate an approach that helps an individual identify with their selves.Humanistic theory gave us an understandable way to look at man’s need for war for the sake of peace.
It is a simplistic theory that has become one of the most popular topics in self-help style books and man’s struggle for meaning has been and will always be a major part of literature and entertainment.
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Humanistic theory involves the development of an individual. In the context of humanistic psychotherapy, the individual should expect the therapist to be accepting of whatever has been revealed. The barber's Trade union Summary; Nvq level; Crow Testament Analysis. Humanistic psychology is a psychological perspective that rose to prominence in the midth century in answer to the limitations of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory and B. F. Skinner's behaviorism. With its roots running from Socrates through the Renaissance, this approach emphasizes individuals' inherent drive towards self-actualization, the process of realizing and expressing one's own. A relatively modern approach to personality, the humanistic theories of Rogers, Maslow and Kelly give us a better understanding about our thoughts and behavior.
Contents provided in these articles are meant for general information only, and are not suggested as replacement to standard references. Ivan Pavlov and his theory of classical conditioning had a profound impact on the understanding of human behavior. This lesson explains classical conditioning and Pavlov's contributions to psychology.
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