The Minister of Defencethe deputy Minister of Defence, the Defence Secretary, Service Commanders and the Inspector General of PoliceAll service personnel on active service during the period covering 26 February — 18 May and had been formally recommended by their service commanders, All police personnel who served in the Eastern theater of operations during the specified period and formally recommended by the Inspector General of Police, Civilians employed by the armed services who served in the Eastern theater during the specified period and formally recommended by the relevant authority, and Civilian medical staff employed by the armed services who were physically present in the Eastern theater for a minimum period of seven days during the specified period and had been formally recommended by the relevant authority. A clasp was awarded to: The Minister of Defence, the Deputy Minister of Defence, the Defence Secretary, Service Commanders and the Inspector General of Police, All service personnel that took part in combat, fire support, logistics, medical services, planning, direction or other related activities during the military actions in the Eastern theater for a minimum of 90 days during the period specified.
History[ edit ] Sinhala warriors of the 16th century, from a contemporary Portuguese codex Sri Lanka has a military history going back to more than years. The roots of the modern Sri Lankan military lead back to the colonial era when the PortugueseDutch and British established local militias to support their wars against the local Kingdoms.
Although it had natives in its ranks, it was largely composed of Malays. It was disbanded in Created to supplement the British garrison in Ceylon in the event of an external threat, it gradually increased in size.
At the end of the war it has grown in size to that of an independent brigade, but was de-mobilized in and disbanded in Following establishment of the Dominion of Ceylon with Britain granting independence inwork began to establish a regular military. The Army Act No.
From the outset Britain played a significant role in helping the Ceylon government in developing its armed forces. The growth of the Ceylon Armed Forces was slow due to lack of foreign threat, since Ceylon maintained cordial relations with its neighbor India and had a defence treaty with Britain.
In the s it was mainly employed in internal security assisting the police. There was an attempted coup in by a group of reservists, which led to cuts in military spending and the disbandment of several regiments.
This, together with the lack of an intelligence agencyleft it ill-prepared for the insurgency launched by the Marxist JVP in April The insurrection was brought under control in a few months.
This was the beginning of the Sri Lankan Civil War. The size of the Armed Forces grew rapidly in the s. By the mids, the Armed Forces began launching operations in the like of conventional warfare against the LTTE which had by then became the most powerful of the Tamil militant groups.
This led to India intervening by entering Sri Lankan air space to carry out food drops. Ina brief ceasefire came into place and peace talks began. The ceasefire ended when the LTTE attacked several docked naval gunboats. The phase of the war that followed, known as Eelam War IIIsaw a conventional war taking place in the northern and eastern provinces of the island and terrorist attacks in other parts of the country.
The Sri Lankan Army began deploying full divisions in offensive operations and the Navy and Air Force increased their inventories to support the Army.
The twenty-first century[ edit ] Ina new ceasefire was established with Norwegian mediation and peace talks began. Although the ceasefire continued no peace talks took place till In the mean time the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission SLMM filed a report stating the LTTE had violated the ceasefire 3, times since the signing of the cease fire, including matters such as child recruiting, torture, abduction, firing of weapons, sabotage, carrying of arms in government-held areas, construction of new positions, movement of arms, ammunition and military equipment, denial of access to families of detainees and the obstruction of truce monitors.
Some defence reforms also commenced in when the Prime Minister established the Defence Review Committee DRC which formulated extensive recommendations that encapsulate force modernization as well as restructuring of command and control in ways that would make the army more responsive to civil control.
Although the work of the Committee thereafter proceeded apace, the DRC itself became a political football amidst the growing tension between the President and the Prime Minister. In the President took the decision to bring an end to the work of the DRC and, instead, assigned the task of SSR to the Joint Operations Headquarters, since when little progress has been evident.
In April following a suicide bomb attack on the Commander of the Army, air strikes began followed by skirmishes, however both the government and the LTTE claimed that the ceasefire was still in place. Offensive by the Armed Forces was launched when the LTTE closed the sluice gates of the Mavil Aru reservoir on July 21 and cut the water supply to 15, villages in government controlled areas.
This led to several major attacks by the LTTE in the eastern province and the north.
The Armed Forces went on the offensive successfully liberating LTTE control areas in the eastern province during In Sri Lanka Armed Forced deployed nearly 10, personnel and equipment for relief, help and rescue operations of Sri Lanka floods.
This is the biggest military deployment of the peace time. Eelam War IV On the 3 January the government informed Norway of its decision to quit the ceasefire, with it the ceasefire officially ended on the 16 Januaryfollowing several bombings in the capital. Along with the ceasefire ended the operations of the SLMM.
In early the Armed Forces liberated in quick succession Kilinochchi and the strategically important Elephant Pass. Thus establishing a land route to the government controlled Jaffna Peninsula which had been supplied by sea and air for over 10 years after its liberation in Boxed into a small land area north of Mullaitivu, the LTTE with its remaining cadres and leadership was effectively trapped, with this land mass being slowly reduced until May A panel of experts appointed by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to advise him on the issue of accountability with regard to any alleged violations of international human rights and humanitarian law during the final stages of the civil war found "credible allegations" which, if proven, indicated that war crimes and crimes against humanity were committed by the Sri Lankan Armed Forces and the Tamil Tigers.The Commander further said that “Sri Lanka Army was an excellent Army in the world which earned great victory to the motherland and maintained strict discipline.
They have to maintain those standards and the steps have already taken to get training and modern technology for . Sri Lanka is an island-nation situated in the Indian Ocean, off the south-eastern coast shores of India., Sri Lanka is a multi-religious and multi-ethnic nation, where almost 70 percent of the population follows Buddhism.
After gaining independence in , the nation has progressed to quite an extent. Closing of Air Combat Operations Go Back Secretary, Ministry of Defence‚ Public Security‚ Law & Order Mr. Gotabaya Rajapaksa RWP RSP psc MSc visited Sri Lanka Air Force Base Katunayake‚ today‚ to address Air Force personnel in appreciation of the services rendered during the Humanitarian Operations.
Since declaring the end of military operations against the LTTE in May , the Government of Sri Lanka has made significant progress in returning IDPs to their home areas. In line with this, OCHA’s priorities in Sri Lanka continue to evolve and have seen a shift from humanitarian assistance into transition early recovery.
humanitarian operation—factual analysis political leaders and government officials from all ethnicities in Sri Lanka as well as the head of state of Sri Lanka and a former Prime Minister of India.
The lineage of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces dates back to , when the British created a volunteer reserve on the island named the Ceylon Light Infantry Volunteers.
Created to supplement the British garrison in Ceylon in the event of an external threat, it gradually increased in size.