How did the nullification crisis foreshadow the American Civil War? When South Carolina threatened to secede if it were forced to pay the tariffs, U. This constitutional question was resolved only by the victory of the North federal government in the American Civil War. Read about the role the concept of secession played in American history.
InCongress passed a high protective tariff that infuriated the southern states because they felt it only benefited the industrialized north. For example, a high tariff on imports increased the cost of British textiles. This tariff benefited American producers of cloth — mostly in the north.
But it shrunk English demand for southern raw cotton and increased the final cost of finished goods to American buyers. The southerners looked to Vice President John C. Calhoun from South Carolina for leadership against what they labeled the "Tariff of Abominations.
Calhoun had supported the Tariff ofbut he realized that if he were to have a political future in South Carolina, he would need to rethink his position. Some felt that this issue was reason enough for dissolution of the Union. Calhoun argued for a less drastic solution — the doctrine of "nullification.
Therefore, if a state found a federal law unconstitutional and detrimental to its sovereign interests, it would have the right to "nullify" that law within its borders.
Calhoun advanced the position that a state could declare a national law void. The members of the South Carolina legislature defended the rights of the states against the federal government. InHenry Clay pushed through Congress a new tariff bill, with lower rates than the Tariff of Abominations, but still too high for the southerners.
A majority of states-rights proponents had won the South Carolina State House in the recent election and their reaction was swift. As far as South Carolina was concerned, there was no tariff. A line had been drawn. Would President Jackson dare to cross it?
Jackson rightly regarded this states-rights challenge as so serious that he asked Congress to enact legislation permitting him to use federal troops to enforce federal laws in the face of nullification. Fortunately, an armed confrontation was avoided when Congress, led by the efforts of Henry Clay, revised the tariff with a compromise bill.
This permitted the South Carolinians to back down without "losing face. If nullification had been successful, could secession have been far behind?
Calhoun was one of the influential voices in the federal government for 40 years. Read this article to trace his rise and examine his views on everything from nullification to slavery. The article provides a links to related topics for students interested in further study.
The bill, supported by President Jackson, would have allowed the military to enforce the Tariff of Abominations. Nullification This vanilla website from students at North Park University traces the history of nullification from the Founders to the nullification controversy under Jackson.
The page provides a brief summary of the views of the key players in the crisis, as well as a bibiliography of sources for students interested in the issue.Jackson vs.
Calhoun--Part 2. Nullification and Resignation. The disagreements President Andrew Jackson had with Vice President John C.
Calhoun in the beginning of their administration were nothing compared to what would take place over the issue of . It has been rare in American history for presidents and vice-presidents not to get along, but it has happened on a few occasions: Adams and Jefferson, Kennedy and Johnson, and Eisenhower and Nixon are a few examples (Jackson vs.
Calhoun-Part 1 1). Howe /5(7). Jackson vs. Calhoun and the Nullification Crisis In this case, South Carolina, led by John C. Calhoun, refused to recognize the protective tariffs in 1 , and , saying that they benefited the North and injured the South. John C. Calhoun resigned in protest against Jackson's continuing support of the Tariff of Abominations and then publicly admitted authorship of the South Carolina Exposition during the Nullification Crisis.
The actions and decisions made by President Andrew Jackson in regards to John C. Calhoun and the Nullification Crisis not only enabled the Union to remain together, but /5(7).
Their disagreements began very early on in Jackson's administration, and lasted until after the resolution of the Nullification Crisis. Nullification is the refusal of a state to recognize a federal law within its boundaries and deem that law unconstitutional.